Track: Free Software Public Policies

Theme: THINK

Room: ElePHPant (2.03)

On: Oct 4, 2013, from 09:00 to 12:00

Track leader(s): Philippe Montarges (Alter Way) / Jean-Séverin Lair (Ministère de la Culture)

Free Software benefits have aroused the public services interest in many countries around the world. Besides the interesting economic aspect in the current crisis, Free Software provides guarantees of independence and maintaining competition. It facilitates sharing between public organizations. Its acquisition is simple even in the complex context of public procurement. It can allow to relocate part of the digital workforce... Public services have been the first large organizations to officially use Free Software. In a world where proprietary software still has a considerable marketing clout, some countries have found it necessary to have an open national policy to promote the use of Free Software. In the context of a permanent arm wrestling between these two camps, these countries position still change once in a while. What is the current trend of public services regarding the Free Software? This is what we'll try to know in this track with some international witnesses.


09:00 - Usages et pratiques du Logiciel Libre dans l’Administration Québecoise

Speakers: Patrice Di Marcantonio (CELL)

09:15 - Making it happen in the UK: From Policy to Reality

Speakers: Mark Taylor (Sirius)

In his 2009 Open World Forum talk, Mark Taylor described the UK as the 'Sick Man of Europe' in terms of Government Open Source... how times have changed! His 2009 predictions included a change of Government, a policy focus on Open Source, and a rapid leap-frogging to become one of the leaders in Government and Public Sector adoption of Open Source and Open Standards.

It is no exaggeration to say that the UK is now one of the clear leaders in Public Sector adoption of Open Source in Europe, perhaps even the world.

Open Source and Open Standards, alongside SME engagement and innovative approaches to procurement are now at the very heart of UK Government Policy. The UK's Open Standards policy goes further than any other and includes mandation of royalty free standards.

The Government's digital agenda is being implemented by the recently created 'Government Digital Service' which is itself a perfect case study in the use of Open Source, being built from Open Source components top to bottom. The Government's 'G-Cloud' initiative is a model of how to engage with innovative SMEs and drive down the cost of Public Sector procurement. The Government's security agency, CESG, will shortly be announcing the first ever Government-assured Open Source security product as well as adopting it themselves.

Mark's talk will focus on how this rapid turnaround came about, give insight into the key players and current thinking, and predict what is coming up next.

The UK Government are making Open Source happen, and this talk will explain how.

09:30 - Usages et pratiques du Logiciel Libre dans l’Administration Française

Speakers: Jean-Séverin Lair (Ministère de la Culture)

09:45 - Les collectivités locales françaises et l'open source : l'exemple de Toulouse, dynamique et pragmatique

Speakers: Erwane Monthubert (Conseillère municipale chargée des TIC Ville de Toulouse et deleguée communautaire Toulouse Métropole, Mairie de Toulouse)

La ville de Toulouse fut la première grande ville française adhérente de l'association April, qui organise la promotion et la défense des logiciels libres en France. D'autre part, la ville de Toulouse et la communauté urbaine Toulouse Métropole sont en phase finale de migration des outils bureautiques vers les logiciels libres. Depuis quelques années des actions de sensibilisation auprès des publics sont menés avec les associations locales (centres culturels, seniors, etc). Toulouse a en outre lancé depuis trois ans son portail Open Data sur lequel les données de la communauté urbaine et des villes du territoire sont publiées sous la licence libre ODbL.

The city of Toulouse was the first French big city member of the association April, who organizes the promotion and the defense of free software in France. On the other hand, the city of Toulouse and the Toulouse Métropole urban community are in final phase of migration of the office tools to free software. For a few years of the publicity campaigns near public have been carried out with local associations (cultural center, seniors, etc). Toulouse has open for three years its Open Data portal on which the data of the urban district and the cities of the territory are published under the free license ODbL.

10:00 - Free And Open Source Software In Europe: Policies And Implementations

Speakers: Gijs Hillenius (Journalist)

This talk will give an overview of the use of free and open source software solutions by public administrations in the European Union. It will outline the major trends and give plenty of examples of public administrations that jointly develop, share and re-use such software solutions.

10:15 - Free Software in Europe : trends and foreseen actions

Speakers: Jeanne Tadeusz (APRIL)

This talk will take a more prospective approach to the use of free software in public administration in Europe. Starting from the recent developments in France and in other country, it will give an outline on what the future could be for a real public policy in favor of free software in Europe.

10:30 - Open source procurement strategies in the public sector : some national case studies

Speakers: Philippe Laurent (Marx Van Ranst Vermeersch & Partners)

Member States’ public authorities are increasingly interested in the advantages of procuring free and open source software. Some of them have already adopted different strategies to raise awareness, to level the playing field or even to establish positive discrimination for such permissively licensed software. This briefing paper aims at illustrating the current political and legislative trends by observing cases from the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Belgium and France.

10:45 - Public Procurement: Free Software's wild frontier

Speakers: Karsten Gerloff (President, FSFE)

Public bodies are squandering public funds through procurement practices which are often deficient, and frequently illegal. The way public bodies go about buying software and related services often falls short of minimal legal requirements, not to mention of the loftier goals of encouraging competition and avoiding discrimination. This is highly problematic, as public bodies' procurement choices exercise significant influence on the development of Europe's high-tech economy. Building on a review of both positive and negative experiences, along with an overview of Free Software-related policies in different European countries, we make a number of concrete recommendations on how procurement practices in Europe's public sector can be systematically improved.

11:00 - Open Data Love in Science

Speakers: Rayna Stamboliyska (Founder, RS Strategy)

Despite the dazzling development of the open access movement, open data initiatives in science and research are still trailing in involvement. Additionally, disparities in research data sharing and openness are huge across scientific communities and domains. Last but not least, formats and licensing terms greatly vary even within specific field. This talk will wrap-up current initiatives and achievements prior to highlighting the challenges ahead in front of a wide number of stakeholders. The middle-term goal is to bootstrap connections converging to a true institutional change that leads to more participative, shareable and transparent science: the science of tomorrow.

11:15 - Open Hardware at Synchrotron SOLEIL

Speakers: Jean-Paul Ricaud (Hardware Design Engineer, Synchrotron SOLEIL)

Boosted by CERN, the open hardware movement is adopted by more and more institutes and companies. For facilities like Synchrotron SOLEIL, the French national synchrotron light source, the open hardware initiative is a new means to communicate and to provide to the largest audience some of its developments. With this presentation, we propose to show our commitment to the open hardware development through the example of the design of the “TimEX3” board and the benefit and the drawback of this approach.

11:30 - Debate: Major Trends in Open Public Policies

Duration: 30 minutes

Speakers: Jean-Séverin Lair (Ministère de la Culture)


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